Breastfeeding

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sucking at the breast

best position sucking at the breast

The best position is that most comfortable one for the mother.
In the classic position, the mother is seated, supports the baby with an arm along the back and the head is found near the fold of the maternal arm. The body of the baby is turned towards the mother and aligned (ear, shoulder, hip).
The sucking at the breast is commonly a spontaneous event, if necessary, touching the nipple with the baby’s lips will encourage him to open his mouth, without exerting pressure. Do not push the baby’s head. In the case of a large breast it may be necessary to free the baby’s nose and this can be obtained by using the index finger and the middle finger one on top and one under the areola.
After the feed it is necessary to put the baby in a vertical position in order the help the baby “burp” This doesn’t always happen, occasionally the baby may bring up a little milk this is normal.




The baby is sucking correctly at the breast when;


  • its mouth is well opened and the lower lip is curved outwards.


  • the superior part of the areola is visible above the top lip. (the lactiferous ducts are pressed by the movement of the tongue.)


  • there are long and deep sucks


  • It is possible to hear the baby swallow and there is non clicking sound.


  • the mother does not feel pain





Elisa

when sucking at the breast

It is favourable to put the baby to the breast as soon as possible after the birth to encourage good bonding between mother and baby, however if it is not possible it has no influence on breast feeding.
The first feed must take place in a peaceful moment for the mother and baby with the father present, and in the presence of trained staff who can explain the correct sucking position . To put the baby to the breast correctly immediately is important to favour the milk coming in and the correct empting of the breast .
In hospital in is advisable to have the baby with the mother all the time, to encourage demand breast feeding.
At home it is important to demand feed, and not to keep set feeding times, generally the baby will want to be feed every three to four hours.
Every baby has its own feeding and sleeping rhythm , the frequency and length of the feeds are variable, the most milk is drunk during the first few minutes of the feed.
During the period when the milk is “Coming-in” the breast may become congested and painful, this can be relieved by warm compresses before feeding to facilitate the ejection of the milk, the baby must feed from both breasts, but initially using the fullest breast.
If after feeding the breast remains turgid it is possible to remove the remaining milk by manually expressing:

How to express manually.

  • Using the thumb and index finger at the sides of the areola of the nipple, press towards the thoracic wall.
  • Pressing from behind the nipple and areola using the index finger and thumb
  • Pressing on the sides from the top of the breast to the middle, to empty all the segments.


If the breast should remain tense and congested despite the sucking of the baby and the manual expressing and warm compresses it is possible to use an expresser, not to empty the breast completely, but to empty enough to relieve the tension.

After the phase of the milk “coming in” when you notice that the breast feeding proceeds in a calmer way (process of calibration, supply on demand) The baby can be put to the breast in this way: Completely empty one breast and then pass on to the other one, the successive feed will begin with the last breast of the previous feed.
The first part of the milk contains more water, and has less calories, the final part is fattier and has more calories, and this is why it is important to completely empty one breast before passing on to the other on. and is equally useless to analyse the milk.




Hygiene of the breast and Eating habits

Hygiene of the breast


It is not necessary to clean the nipple before every feed because the milk contains a natural antiseptics which disinfect the mammary areola. after the feed clean the nipple with water and dry well-
The bra should be loose and removed if they cause and obstacle to feeding.
The frequent use of soap can render the skin dry and easy to cracks.
The absorbent breast savers (preferable in cotton) t are useful when the milk drains abundance from the nipple . If the nipple is left damp or wet this encourages lesions and or the beginning of an infection.


Eating habits


Continued with your alimentary habits, having care to vary the diet, and not exceeding with spicy substances; eat everything but if you notice an intolerance to a specific food then it is advisable to avoid it.




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